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Tata Motors Q4 FY22 Earnings, Revenue At INR 78, 439 Crore And EBITDA At INR 80, 800 Crore

Sapna Bhardwaj
Sapna Bhardwaj May 13 2022 - 12 min read
Tata Motors Q4 FY22 Earnings, Revenue At INR 78, 439 Crore And EBITDA At INR 80, 800 Crore
Tata Motors consolidated Q4 FY22 results stand at Revenue INR78.4KCr, EBITDA at INR 8.8KCr, PBT (bei) INR 0.4KCr, Auto FCF INR7.9 KCr

Tata Motors Ltd yesterday 12 May 2022 announced its results for the quarter ending March 31, 2022. The results represent the details on consolidated segment level.

Tata Motors Q4 FY22 details list as follows with Jaguar Land Rover (JLR) Revenue at GBP 4.8b down 27.1%, EBITDA (Earnings Before Interest, Taxes, Depreciation, and Amortization) at 12.6%, EBIT (earnings before interest and taxes) at 2.0%. Commercial Vehicle revenue was INR 18.5 KCr, up 29.3%, EBITDA at 5.9% (-290 bps). Passenger Vehicle revenue was INR10.5 KCr, up 62.0%, EBITDA at 6.9% (+190 bps). Financial Year 2021-2022 consolidated revenue was INR 278.5 KCr (+11.5%), EBITDA 9.6% (-260 bps), EBIT 0.7% (-190 bps), PBT (bei) INR 6.4 KCr

Jaguar Land Rover: Revenue was GBP 4.8 billion in Q4 FY22, up 1% from Q3 FY22, reflecting the higher wholesales offset partially by the impact of the run out of the previous generation Range Rover, with the New Range Rover still ramping up. The EBIT margin in the quarter was 2.0% with profit before tax about breakeven GBP 9 million before GBP (43) million exceptional charge for our business in Russia. Free Cash Flow improved to GBP 340 million, up from GBP 164 million in Q3.

Tata Commercial Vehicles (Tata CV): Tata CV business continued to show strong sequential recovery led by the MHCV (Medium and Heavy Commercial Vehicle) segment. The business clocked its highest quarterly revenues since Q4’FY19 and grew market shares in all segments. Despite lower margins due to commodity inflation, impact was lower on PBT (Profit before tax bei) of INR 607 Crores in Q4 due to operating leverage from higher revenues.

Tata Passenger Vehicles (Tata PV): Tata PV business delivered a comprehensive turnaround in Q4 FY 22 with highest quarterly revenues of INR 10.5 K Cr (+62%), positive EBIT 1.2% and positive free cash flows. EV volumes rose to 9.1K units in Q4 and PV market share improved to 13.4% (+440bps). Robust demand for “New Forever” range and agile supply actions led to this strong performance.

Outlook Of Demand Supply Commercial And Passenger Vehicle In India

The demand remains strong despite geo-political, geo-economics and inflation concerns. The supply situation is gradually improving, whereas commodity inflation is likely to remain at elevated levels. We expect performance to improve through the year as the China COVID and semiconductor supplies improve and aim to deliver strong EBIT improvement and free cash flows in FY 23 to get to near net auto debt free by FY 2024.

Jaguar Land Rover (JLR) Results Tata Motors Highlights

The company sees increase in free cash flow and EBIT margin in Q4, but sales remain constrained by global semiconductor shortage. Wholesales improved 11% in Q4 to 76.5K units while full year volumes of 294,182 were down 15%. Quarterly free cash flow was again positive and increased to GBP 340 million in Q4; full year cash outflow of GBP 1.16 billion, reflecting working capital impact of lower volumes in the first half. Q4 EBIT margin was of 2.0% with pre-tax profit before exceptional items about breakeven (GBP 9 million); full year EBIT margin at (0.4%) with pre-tax loss before exceptional items of GBP 0.4 billion. Exceptional charge of GBP 43 Million was in the fourth quarter relating to our business in Russia. Strong demand for New Range Rover helped the order book to a new record at more than 168,000 units, the new range Rover 46, 000 units and Defender 41,000 units, up 13,000 units in Q4.

The refocus transformation programme delivers GBP 1.5 billion of value in the year, beating GBP 1 billion target. Liquidity of GBP was 6.4 billion as at 31 March 2022, including GBP 4.4 billion cash and a GBP 2 billion undrawn revolving credit facility.

Wholesales excluding the China Joint Venture in Q4 were 76,526 units, up 11% on Q3 FY22 with higher production volumes. Retail sales in Q4 were 79,008 vehicles, down 1% from Q3 FY22 as a consequence of constrained wholesales and low dealer inventories, while the mix of electrified retail sales (Battery Electric Vehicle - BEV, Plug in Hybrid Vehicle - PHEV and Mild Hybrid Electric Vehicle -MHEV) increased to 66% for the full year compared to 51% in the prior year. Wholesales for the full year FY22 were 294,182, down 15% compared to FY21. Retail sales for FY22 were 376,381, down 14% compared to FY21.

Full year performance in FY22 was significantly impacted by the constraint on production and sales resulting from the global chip shortage. Revenue was GBP 18.3 billion, down 7% from the prior year, with a pre-tax loss of £412 million before the GBP (43) m Q4 exceptional charge, compared to a PBT of GBP 662 million before exceptional items in FY21. The impact on working capital of the reduced volumes in the first half of the financial year resulted in a free cash outflow of GBP 1.16 billion for FY22. The working capital outflow is expected to be recovered over time as volumes gradually increase. While sales to Russia remain paused, Russia and Ukraine historically account for about 2.5% combined of global sales. The impact on production has been limited to date as a result of active management of our parts supply chain. While we have a relatively small number of parts that are sourced from the affected countries, it is too early to say how future commodity supply and pricing could be impacted.

Looking Ahead India’s Commercial And Passenger Auto Industry

 Inflation represents an increasing headwind for the business and we expect our refocus actions to help mitigate this in the coming year. We expect the global semiconductor shortage to continue through the next fiscal year with gradual improvement. 

However, the Covid lockdowns in China as well as the new Range Rover Sport model changeover are expected to limit volume improvements in Q1 possibly resulting in negative EBIT and negative free cash flows in the quarter.  Volumes are expected to improve progressively thereafter, and we target achieving a 5% EBIT margin and GBP 1bn+ positive free cash flow in FY23 for the full year. Our medium- and longer-term financial targets under the Reimaging strategy, underpinned by the Refocus transformation programme, remain unchanged, including improving EBIT margins to 10% or more by FY26 and improving cash flow to achieve near zero net debt in FY24.

Thierry Bollore, Chief Executive Officer, Jaguar Land Rover said, “The environment remains difficult in light of the global chip shortage and other challenges. However, I’m encouraged by the continuing strong customer demand for our products, highlighted by a record order book.  And we are continuing to execute our Reimagine Strategy with exciting new products like the Defender, New Range Rover and just announced New Range Rover Sport while we are rapidly progressing towards our plans for a new generation of electric vehicles with our all electric Jaguar strategy and BEV first EMA platform for new Land Rover products.”

Tata Commercial Vehicles (Tata CV) Highlights

Q4 revenue at INR18.5KCr, (+29%), EBITDA 5.9% (-290 bps), EBIT 3.4% (-220 bps), PBT (bei) 0.6 K Cr. FY22 revenue at INR 52.3KCr, (+58%), EBITDA 3.7% (-50 bps), EBIT 0.4% (130 bps), PBT (bei) (0.1) K Cr. Q4 Tata CV global wholesales stood at 122.3K units (+7.6%). FY 22 at 367.5K units (+37%), Q4 CV domestic wholesales at 110.0 K units (+7%), domestic retails at 107.4K units in (+ 16%). FY 22 domestic wholesales at 322.7 K units (+34%), domestic retails at 319.1K units in (+ 53%). Domestic CV market share improved to 44.9% in FY22 (+250 bps vs. FY 21) with all segments gaining shares.  

The CV industry witnessed a strong rebound in FY 22, after two consecutive years of decline. The domestic business gained market share across all segments in FY22. The strong volumes and market share growth, with repeat customer orders, is testimony to the strong BS-VI product portfolio.Q4 revenues stood at INR 18.5K Cr (+29% Y-o-Y and +34% Q-o-Q). While in Q4 EBITDA margins were at 5.9% (lower 290 bps Y-o-Y), Q-o-Q there was a 330 bps recovery due to impact of price hikes, improved mix and stable commodity prices in Q4. For FY 22, the business recorded revenues of INR 52.3K Crs (+ 58%), EBITDA margin of 3.7% (-50 bps), EBIT margin of 0.4% (+130 bps) and PBT (bei) of (0.1)K Crs. Operating leverage from higher revenues delivered better PBT (bei) despite lower EBITDA margins.

India’s Commercial Vehicle Industry: The Way Forward

The CV industry is poised for further growth on the back of increased activity in road construction, mining and improved infrastructure spending. The supply situation continues to show gradual improvement. Despite uncertainties, business sentiments continue to be positive with increasing fleet utilization levels and freight rates. Sharp commodity inflation, however, continues to remain a challenge. Tata Motors will continue to step-up its investments in products and new business models to deliver customer value while ensuring profitable growth.  Despite near-term supply challenges and inflation concerns, the business aims to deliver strong margins recovery and profitability in FY23.

Girish Wagh, Executive Director, Tata Motors Ltd said, “The Indian Commercial Vehicles sector, deeply impacted for two successive years, showed promising signs of growth in FY22 supported by a steady recovery in the economy, rising industrial activity and reopening of markets. At Tata Motors, the early adoption of a holistic ‘Business Agility Plan’ enabled us to protect and serve the interests of our customers, dealers and suppliers as well as smartly manage supply related challenges including the global shortage of critical electronic parts. The improvement in consumer sentiment, buoyancy in e-business, firming freight rates, reopening of schools and offices and higher infrastructure spending in road construction and mining helped regenerate this demand. We optimised production, introduced new passenger and cargo mobility solutions and accelerated sales to grow every quarter and gain higher market share in every segment of commercial vehicles.  Looking ahead, we see significant opportunities to leverage the mega trends shaping the Indian automotive industry. We are keeping a close watch on geopolitical developments, fuel inflation and semiconductor shortage and remain optimistic whilst continuing to work closely with our customers and ecosystem partners to mitigate risks and manage uncertainties.”

Tata Passenger Vehicles (Tata PV) Highlights

Q4 revenue at INR10.5KCr, (+62%), EBITDA 6.9% (+190 bps), EBIT 1.2% (+400 bps), PBT (bei) positive. FY22 revenue at INR 31.5KCr, (+90%), EBITDA 5.3% (+330 bps), EBIT (2.0)% (+750 bps), PBT (bei) (0.9) K Cr. Q4 Tata PV global wholesales stood at 123.6K units (+47%). FY 22 at 372.2K units (+67%). Q4 PV domestic wholesales at 123.1 K units (+47%), domestic retails at 115.0K units (+ 44%). FY 22 domestic wholesales at 370.4 K units (+67%), domestic retails at 363.0K units (+ 59%). Q4 EV volumes were highest at 9.1 K units (+432%). FY22 at 19.1Kunits (+353%). EV penetration at 7.4%. Domestic PV market share improved by 440 bps to 13.4% in Q4 FY22. First tranche of INR 3,750 crores from TPG (The Breed Gear) Rise Climate received.

Tata PV business delivered a consistent and strong performance leading to the highest quarterly and annual sales in TML history. The business witnessed strong revenues of INR 31.5 K Cr in FY 22 (+ 90% Y-o-Y as compared to INR16.6 K Cr in FY 21). Robust demand for New Forever range and agile actions taken on the supply side drove volume growth. EV sales continued to witness a rapid growth in demand on the back of strong acceptance of Nexon EV and Tigor EV. Profitability improved significantly with positive EBIT achieved in Q4 FY 22 and strong 750 bps EBIT improvement for FY 22. Market shares continue to improve to 12.1% in FY22.

In Passenger Vehicles, the company will continue to drive strong sales performance whilst improving profitability and managing supply bottlenecks. In Electric Vehicles, the business will drive up penetration and accelerate sales further. The business is expected to deliver strong improvement in margins and profitability in FY23. The business will continue to step-up new product launches and enhance capacities to cater to increasing demand. Despite significant step-up in investments, the PV business is expected to remain self-sustaining whilst the EV business investments are well funded with the capital infusion.

Shailesh Chandra, Managing Director, Tata Motors Passenger Vehicles Ltd and Tata Passenger Electric Mobility Limited said, “In a challenging year disrupted by Covid, semiconductor crisis and steep increase in commodity prices, Tata Motors set several new records in passenger and electric vehicles to make FY22 a landmark year. We posted our highest ever annual, quarterly and monthly sales on 22 March 2022 and introduced new nameplates and inspirational variants to substantially improve our market share overall as well as in every segment of cars and SUVs where we have a presence. We also operationalised two subsidiaries Tata Motors Passenger Vehicles Ltd. focusing on passenger vehicles powered by IC engines and Tata Passenger Electric Mobility Limited to accelerate the development of the passenger EV business and its enabling ecosystem with TPG Rise Climate as an investor. Going forward, the demand for our ‘New Forever’ range continues to remain strong even as the semiconductor situation and supply side challenges remain uncertain. We remain agile and will continue to take prudent actions while enhancing our focus on future-fit initiatives of transforming customer experience digitally and strengthening our established lead in sustainable mobility.”

Other highlights on finance cost were finance costs increased by INR 1, 215 Cr to INR 9,312 Cr during FY '22 due to higher gross borrowings. Joint ventures, associates and other income for the year, net loss from joint ventures and associates amounted to INR 74 Cr compared with a loss of INR 379 Cr in FY21. Other income (excluding grants) was INR 929Cr in the current year versus INR725 Cr in the prior year. Free cash flow (automotive) in the year, was negative at INR 9.5 KCr (as compared to positive INR5.3K Cr in FY 21), primarily due to working capital impact of INR 9.6 KCr. The business showed strong sequential recovery with positive free cash flow (automotive) of INR 11.9K Cr in H2 (Hydrogen Cars).

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